In the last year, Artificial Intelligence ?AI? it has become one of the most important topics of conversations in all the media, and there is a possibility that it is the future of humanity.
AI has proven to be a useful tool for education, journalism, science and art, however Lina Khan, president of the Federal Trade Commission ?FTC, for its acronym in English,? recently noted that while AI can drive great innovations, it also "can turbocharge fraud and automate discrimination."
Artificial Intelligence offers users the ability to finish jobs faster, complete tasks, create pieces of art, write texts, improve and facilitate different activities of daily life and even have a conversation, however this has generated discussions about of the advantages and disadvantages that this has for humanity.
Héctor Palacios, scientific researcher at ServiceNow Research, explained in a press conference organized by Ethnic Media Services in which experts met to discuss the phenomenon that AI has caused, that Artificial Intelligence is "a computer program", which uses another type of language that comes from mathematics.
"We have texts that appear to be written by humans, but are not," Palacios said.
And it is that today there are programs like ChatGPT, which is a chat system developed by the company Open AI ?which is dedicated to Artificial Intelligence research? which is based on the GPT-4 AI language model and automatically generates responses in a chatbot.
Despite all the benefits that Artificial Intelligence offers, Palacios pointed out that there are risks such as misinformation, manipulation and even polarization due to the generation of content with these tools.
"We have to think about the dangers and the possibilities it offers," he said.
For his part, Sean McGregor, doctor in machine learning, founder of the Responsible AI Collaborative, principal technical advisor of IBM Watson AI XPRIZE and creator of the AI incident database, pointed out that in Artificial Intelligence there are racial biases that have caused conflicts for some communities.
McGregor showed a video in which Joy Boulamwini shows through poetry how AI doesn't recognize the gender of people from communities of color.
“Let's say the data itself is perfectly unbiased, it does and can produce a well-performing system. There remains the question of how the camera is adjusted. Contrast-wise, is it going to be brighter or darker, which changes the performance of the system for people with different skin tones that is completely outside the scope of what the data is expressing?" he questioned.
Likewise, McGregor pointed out that these types of problems derive from those who have the power to make the decisions that cause racial biases to exist in the AIs.
Artificial intelligence in science fiction
For some time now, many science fiction writers have included Artificial Intelligence in their stories and have managed to fascinate the world with movies like Her, Terminator, Blade Runner or 2001: A Space Odyssey.
Chris Dede, a researcher at the Harvard Graduate School of Education and Associate Director of Research at the National AI Institute for Adult Learning and Online Education, pointed out that Artificial Intelligence has been in the world of science fiction for decades, which, in addition to causing fascination, has achieved scare some.
“When I was a graduate student, I saw the movie 2001: A Space Odyssey, where the AI goes berserk and starts killing astronauts. But the other theme of science fiction is AI as a companion, a complementary relationship between human and AI. We see, for example, in "Star Trek: The Next Generation" where we have Picard, the wise human captain of a starship, and then we have Data, who looks like a person, but is actually an AI-based android." , counted.
Finally, Dede pointed out that «AI is like a mirror that we put on the internet and it reflects what it sees of us? Human beings? and society."
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